If you talk of one drink that is mandatory, healthiest on the planet and above all is zero-calorie, then it is WATER. All living beings need water to stay alive and it is recommended that humans should drink around 8 glasses of water daily for the proper functioning of the body.
There has always been a controversy regarding the fluoride in the water. In the 1960s, a report suggested that the presence of fluoride in water reduces dental cavities by 90%. People started consuming water containing fluoride to improve their dental health. While the right amount of fluoride can help in maintaining dental health, an excessive amount can cause havoc. With fluoridated toothpaste and other cleaning products being popular, having it in water too can lead to over exposure.
So, it’s better to get rid of it from your drinking water and here are top 3 ways to remove it.
1. Using the Right Filter: The best way of getting rid of fluoride is to make use of RO water filter. RO stands for Reverse Osmosis, which is a technique where water molecules flow across a semipermeable membrane. On the contrary to the process of osmosis, in reverse osmosis, the water molecules flow from a region of higher solute concentration towards that of lower solute. This filter removes all the salts present in the water, thereby making the water soft and also enhancing the taste of water.
2. Using Activated Alumina: This is again a trusted method where activated alumina is used. When water containing fluorides passes through a bed of aluminium granules, all contaminants get absorbed by these granules leaving the water fit for consumption. Use of activated alumina is effective in eliminating not only fluoride but also most of the heavy metals and toxins. This method, however, requires proper maintenance as the filtration cartridges need to be replaced at regular intervals to keep the system working optimally.
3. Distillation Filtration: It is a process that relies on evaporation to make water safe for consumption. The contaminated water here is first heated to form steam, which then cools and condenses and we get purified water. The undesired inorganic compounds like iron, lead, calcium, magnesium and other large non-volatile organic molecules are left behind as they do not evaporate with water. Also, as the water is boiled to make it evaporate, the microorganisms are killed during the process.
Care has to be taken regarding the organic compounds that boil at temperatures lower than the boiling point of water. This is because if these are not removed prior to condensation, they get vaporized along with the water and then re-contaminate the purified water.
Fluoride exposure is not restricted to water alone. It is important that we keep an eye on other sources of fluoride exposure too. This includes trying to avoid the usage of fluoridated toothpaste.
Overexposure to fluoride leads to many health problems like causing fluorosis, low IQ, thyroid disorders and weak bones, thus making one prone to injuries to name a few and hence care should be taken.